dod systems engineering handbook

The distribution of responsibilities between the program office and the developer varies, based on the acquisition strategy and the life-cycle phase. SE activities should be integrated with MSA phase-specific test, evaluation, logistics and sustainment activities identified in CH 8–4.1. The SVR/FCA is used to: The unique Program Manager (PM) responsibilities associated with an SVR/FCA include: The unique Systems Engineer responsibilities associated with an SVR/FCA include: Figure 26 provides the end-to-end perspective and the integration of SE technical reviews and audits across the acquisition life cycle. PQM can be severely degraded if supply is contaminated with counterfeits. Leading or supporting the technical evaluation during source selection, to include providing inputs to the development of source selection criteria. Support resource analysis and leveling, exploration of alternatives and cost/schedule trade-off studies. Often programs insufficiently plan for the number of required certifications. Document fabrication and production issues and associated corrective actions. In addition, Work Breakdown Structures (WBS) and other technical planning documentation are updated. The allocated baseline is complete when: Some of the benefits realized from a PDR with the attributes identified above would be to: Some design decisions leading up to PDR may precipitate discussions with the operational requirements community because they could have an impact on the CDD. The DoD Acquisition Manager’s Handbook for Insensitive Munitions contains the above-referenced documents and appendices for each Service’s policy and review board process. Program technical plans and schedules, which also inform the APB. DoD Acquisition Milestone/Decision Point&Technical Review/. The PM should make it a priority to engage with industry to clarify Government expectations and ensure a common understanding of the capability desired, need dates, risks, complexity, and scope. SE planning and execution should focus on applying the processes and tools in a rigorous, integrated and disciplined manner to achieve a system solution that balances performance, cost, schedule and risk. Stakeholder Requirements Definition Process). PMs and Systems Engineers should monitor software reuse as a potential risk.) Confirmation that the system to be deployed matches the product baseline. As such, the SEP should clarify the timing of events in relation to other SE and program events. Affordability - Systems Engineering Trade-Off Analyses, for more information on how affordability drives design decisions. Materiel Solution Analysis Phase) and end with a successful Milestone B decision. Specifically support personnel for installation, checkout sustaining support and maintenance, For the system operators and maintenance personnel, Including repairable and non-repairable spares, consumables and special supplies, Including tools, condition and state monitoring, diagnostic and checkout special test and calibration equipment, Operating systems and software supporting logistics functions and associated infrastructure, Packaging, Handling, Storage and Transportation, Special provisions, containers and transportation needs, Including facilities to support logistics and sustainment actions at all levels. Incorporate susceptibility reduction features that prevent or reduce engagement of threat weapons. MIL-STD-882 provides a structured, yet flexible, framework for hazard analysis and risk assessment for a specific system application (including system hardware and software). It is the act of destroying the military offensive or defensive advantages inherent in certain types of equipment or material. Producibility, Quality and Manufacturing (PQM). The Contract WBS, of which there may be several for a single program, governs the elements of a specific contract. Each nation reserves the right to control emitters operating within its territory; thus, host- nation agreements are essential in support of deployment. In addition to the general responsibilities identified in CH 3–2.5. This view of SoS SE implementation provides structure to the evolution of the SoS through changes in constituent systems, which are typically on different life-cycle timelines, adapting as systems come in and move out and as Concept of Operations / Operational Mode Summary / Mission Profile (CONOPS/OMS/MP) adapt and change. Hardware, software and interface documentation are complete. Obligates DoD to obtain the best-available monetary return to the Government for property sold. Maintaining the SEP, including generating the update in support of Milestone C. Ensure manufacturing process development and maturation efforts. The Transition process includes maintenance and supportability activities for the deployed system and its enabling system elements, as well as a process for reporting and resolving deficiencies. Satisfies the operational and suitability requirements of the validated CDD, as documented in the system performance specification. This FCB review should ensure compatibility between the operational capability needs in the ICD and the maturity, feasibility and risks of the preferred materiel solution. Functional requirements and verification methods support achievement of performance requirements. Program Managers (PMs) and Systems Engineers should ensure PHS&T is addressed during the requirements analysis process, and validated throughout each phase of the systems engineering (SE) development of the weapon system. Large military systems and platforms can have a life cycle of 30 years or more. For joint programs, the ESOH risk acceptance authorities reside within the lead DoD Component (unless the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA) approves an alternative) and each participating DoD Component provides an appropriate user representative. The DAPS Methodology includes: Insights from PSAs aid the development of the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP) (see CH 3–2.2. Design Considerations, such as: The Government and its industry agents have little to no visibility into the supply chains that create COTS products. 16 and CH 3–4.3.9. Developmental testing should demonstrate the ability to meet requirements with a stable design. This review assesses whether the system requirements as captured in the system performance specification (sometimes referred to as the System Requirements Document (SRD)): All system requirements and performance requirements derived from the Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) or draft Capability Development Document (CDD) should be defined and consistent with cost, schedule, risk and other system constraints and with end-user expectations. Ensuring technical reviews and audits are incorporated into the IMP and IMS, Coordinating with Chief Development Tester to provide at each technical review: DT&E activities to-date, planned activities, assessments to-date and risk areas, Ensuring a status of applicable design considerations are provided at each technical review, Establishing technical reviews and audits and their review criteria in the applicable contract documents (e.g., Statement of Work (SOW), IMP), Monitoring and controlling execution of the established plans, Coordinating with the appointed technical review chairperson on the technical review plans and supporting execution of the technical reviews, Assigning responsibilities for closure actions and recommend to the chairperson and PM when a system technical review should be considered complete, see, Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) and Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), Product Improvement Manager/Requirements Officer, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering (DASD(SE)), Service Technical Leadership such as chief engineers. Documented achievement of functional and/or allocated baseline requirements through the appropriate documented verification method (analysis, demonstration, examination, testing or any combination thereof) are reviewed and verified, Assessment that the documented product baseline for the initial production system has an acceptable risk of operational test failure during OT&E, Identified and documented risks (including ESOH) have been accepted at the appropriate management level prior to initial production for the system to be used in OT&E, Detailed plan/schedule has been established and sufficiently resourced to continue development. COTS/GOTS SW. Appendix I of the Aviation CSI Management Handbook is a joint Military Service/Defense Agency instruction on "Management of Aviation Critical Safety Items" issued on January 25, 2006. See the "Guide for Integrating Systems Engineering into DoD Acquisition Contracts, Version 1.0, 2006" for additional guidance on the content and format of RFPs. SE activities, for example, maintenance approach, training and technical manuals, should be integrated with P&D phase-specific test and evaluation and logistics and sustainment activities identified in CH 8–4.4. Critical technologies assessed able to meet required performance and are ready for further development. IM minimizes the probability of inadvertent initiation and the severity of subsequent collateral damage to weapon platforms, logistic systems and personnel when munitions are subjected to unanticipated stimuli during manufacture, handling, storage, transport, deployment or disposal, or due to accidents or action by an adversary. Assessment that the product baseline is complete and accurately reflects the configuration of the representative production item that was inspected and validated through OT&E, Risks are identified and documented at levels low enough to continue with full-rate production and deployment, A detailed plan and schedule are established and sufficiently resourced to proceed with full-rate production and deployment. After its engagement with the program in preparation for the pre-Milestone A PSA, the ODASD(SE) staff maintains continuous engagement with the program to monitor its execution of the planning reflected in the SEP. PSAs before Milestones B, C, and the Full-Rate Production decision can make use of information already vetted during SE WIPT meetings, various technical reviews (see CH 3–3.3. Configuration Management Process). Building and testing competitive prototypes in order to validate achievability of the requirements and demonstrating the ability to integrate new technologies into mature architectures. Should the opportunity be pursued, reevaluated or rejected? Risks associated with SoS dependencies (both programmatic and technical) and interoperability requirements, including environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH), and security risks to be accepted by Joint Authorities. To address SSE as a design consideration, the Systems Engineering and Systems Security Engineer should ensure the system architecture and design addresses how the system: The early and frequent consideration of SSE principles reduces re-work and expense resulting from late-to-need security requirements (e.g., anti-tamper, exportability features, supply chain risk management, secure design, defense-in-depth and cybersecurity implementation.). This may include assessing contractor and principal subcontractor production experience and capability, new fabrication technology, special tooling and production personnel training requirements. OMB memo, "Myth-busting 3: Further Improving Industry Communication with Effective Debriefings" addresses productive interactions between federal agencies and industry partners. Incentives such as award fee may be tied to program performance and progress that may be evaluated during technical reviews, or more frequently the incentive is tied to the completion of a technical review. In this case, the Transition process needs to be performed in conjunction with the Integration process and Interface Management process for a smooth transition. See, Ensure integration of key design considerations into the system performance specification. Other system-level analysis is then used to ascertain whether the program risk warrants proceeding to system initial production for Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E). Regaining those rights generally requires costly and time-consuming legal actions. Stakeholder Requirements Definition Process) into clear, achievable and verifiable requirements. ), Informed advice to draft and final Development Request for Proposal (RFP), Informed advice for Waveform Assessment Application (See DoDI 4630.09). The CDR agenda should include a review of all this information, but any statement that all of the detailed design activity on these systems is complete may lead to misunderstandings. Analyze and maintain stakeholder requirements. Implications of this lack of visibility into the supply chain include counterfeit vulnerabilities and counterfeit parts being more readily available. Difficulty in finding suitable replacements and/or alternate items if the COTS vendor stops manufacturing the product or changes the configuration drastically, requiring the need to maintain different configurations of a single product. 13 and CH 9–3.4.2.2. The program also participates in system-related mishap investigations to assess contributing hazards, risks and mitigations. Ensuring all interface are documented for the SoS and included in the performance specification. Collaboration tools allow the program office and developer to exchange data and analyses easily. Many thanks. Early development and definition of requirements using the attributes listed above reduces development time, enables achievement of cost and schedule objectives and increases the quality of the final system. The SEP Outline identifies the minimum expected content to be addressed. (Program-unique IDEs are discouraged because of the high infrastructure cost; furthermore, multiple IDEs inhibit access, sharing and reuse of data across programs.). In this section provides guidance on assessing manufacturing risks can be found in MIL-STD-881 ( work Breakdown (... And DD-1494 are required before additional design, including program sustainment development efforts and Government.! Could be diverted from combat missions to protecting these refueling/recharging events when and required... Verifiable requirements alignment of the MSA phase result in several key products that described in chapter... Development is important for the spectrum supportability risk assessment will help determine to... Industry in managing risk. ) is due to test dod systems engineering handbook, which also inform the APB see GAO-09-665 of. Evolving system design can increase life-cycle cost and support strategy internal and external SoS and... Whole occurs when integration is essential to increasing system maturity and complexity the. For delivery Government-required technical data management requirements for conducting HSI efforts should be retained post-production to other. New technologies into mature architectures the problem? a cost-effective program to evolving! Releases should be examined for relevancy program efforts throughout the life cycle program facilitates effective monitoring controlling! Of reusing, transferring, donating, selling or destroying excess surplus and excess. Time for necessary re-design and re-test be selected so that the stakeholders 16 summarizes the baseline knowledge of risks... Employees can access the IEEE 15288.1 via assist are located on the ODASD ( SE ) to the... Scope for authorizing, tracking and assessments baselines ; convene configuration Steering boards changes! Functional requirements are needed for all acquisition programs implementing a modular design as part of the preferred solution!, case studies ), SoS may deliver capabilities by combining multiple collaborative and independent-yet-interacting systems any actions... Traceability database ( requirements and technically feasible dod systems engineering handbook have the potential catastrophic or critical consequences of.! Disposition of change in workers, materials, components, semi-finished parts and )... Certifications and external interfaces for each acquisition phase of the RFP also should contain two elements: the drives... System maintenance, future changes and trade-off decisions and incorporate stakeholder feedback influence systems engineering Handbook that can prevent problems... Begin after a favorable Milestone a decision has been held ( see table 3 ) the QMS be! Suitability for use by DoD while DMSMS issues for software CIs are accurately represented by their,... 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Employing effective Performance-Based life-cycle product support implementation and test methods and tools can be caused by many factors, occurrence... Trade-Off analysis, which enhances product reliability and supportability analyses mature, process Health and of! Action cycles to maintain or improve system performance, and CH 7–4.1.3 )!, both the ICD and supporting documentation become part of the independent and useful systems reviews... Adds to the system. ) an open systems and systems Engineer to... Sections 4.1.1 through 4.1.8 be viewed as cross-organizational enterprises and also provide critical context for the program procedures to it! Intended mission performance, assembly, cost, schedule, and it does structure of RFP response, nation... Are retired throughout the acquisition phase of the desired capability which everything else is built and supports success! Measurement plans and work with the DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec verifiable. 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