... military organizations and “Cameralists” of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. A thinking that there is always a possibility of finding a solution acceptable to all is not true. The influence of both internal and external factors should be considered while framing a suitable organisational structure. Classical thinkers concentrated only on line and staff structures. Differences between the Systems and Contingency Organizational Theory. All the goal achievement plan are set before and difficult to change. Grouping or departmentation was also considered essential for making the functions effective. 1. The testing of these variables did not show positive results. Neo-classical theory advocates decentralised organisation which is close to flat structure because of wider span of control. Motivation is a complex process. The organisation in general is a social system composed of numerous interacting parts. division of work, departmentation, co-ordination and human behaviour were taken as given but these postulates were regarded as modified by people acting independently or within the context of the informal organisation. Throughout modern history, countries have secured and strengthened their trade relations ... architecture of the World Trade Organization (WTO). This type of organization has work done outside of the company from different suppliers. Katz and Kahu have identified five sub-systems of organisation: (i) Technical sub-system concerned with the work that gets done; (ii) Supportive sub-system of procurement, disposal and institutional relations; (iii) Maintenance of sub-systems for tying people into their functional roles; (iv) Adaptive sub-systems concerned with organisational change; and. Why the traditional organization criticizes the modern as a misguided and vulnerable organization? Differences Between Old and New Business Strategies . Subordination is present at every level. Modern organization are slightly brave in this matter. The term was coined by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832). Differences between Classical Theory and Neo-classical Theory inadequate organization may not only discourage but actually preclude effective administration. The efficiency with which these tasks will be accomplished will determine the effectiveness of the organisation. TOS 7. Every department has its own rules and regulations as well as and every employee has own job description and accountability to his superior. The classical theory of organisation focussed main attention on physiological and mechanical variables of organisational functioning. Contingency approach suggests an organisational design which suits a particular unit. The main difference between traditional models and modern leadership models would be all traditional models of leadership emphasise characteristics or behaviours of only one leader within a particular group where as emergent models provide a space to … The systems theory focuses on the internal dynamics of an organization’s structure and behavior. All employees follow a chain of command. Flexibility: Modern Organizations are always flexible to change their workflow, focuses as well as connectivity. Communication is necessary as it carries information for the functioning of the organisation and the feelings of the people at work. These qualities are framed in a philosophy which accepts the premise that the only meaningful way to study organisation is to study it as a system.” This theory may be understood in two approaches: systems approach and contingency approach. According to classical writers, the organisation theory is built around four key pillars division of work, scalar and functional processes, structure and span of control. Classical Organisation Theory: The classical writers viewed organisation as a machine and human beings as components of that machine. Hierarchical planning principle was applied in all organizations, in contemporary organizational structures the number of levels is getting smaller. Its main concept is to diversify its activities and connectivity as a result it can accept new challenges and can set a goal frequently. Many socio- psychological factors operate to motivate human beings at work. The workers will go on repeating their work under division of labour. Diversification: Moreover the main contradiction between the modern and traditional organization is their business policies. Systems approach offers models which may not suit every type of organisation. Man’s approach is not always rational. (I) Introduction (II) The Key Constituents of the Modern Organization (i) the flat organization (ii) the flexible organization (iii) the networked organization (iv) the diverse organization (v) the global organization (III) The Traditional vs. the Modern Organization: Differences and Dynamics (i) the traditional organization (ii) changing dynamics and forces (iii) the modern organization (IV) The Role of Management: Leading - Leveraging - Learning (V) Conclusion References “Today’s problems cannot be … Employee Morale: As an employee of a modern organization get more freedom and flexibility to exchange his or her assessment. Consequently in this type of organization you find high employee morale. MODERN STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION THEORY: FROM MECHANISTIC VS. ORGANIC SYSTEMS OF BURNS & STALKER TO TECHNOLOGY OF BURTON & OBEL Őzgür Őnday Ph.D Student, Yeditepe University Department of Business Administration. 2. 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